The Cuyabeno Reserve is a protected area since 26 July 1979 with an area of 603.380 square kilometers. One of the main objectives of the Cuyabeno Reserve is the continuous conservation of the Amazonian ecosystem- the most complex ecosystem in the world. This reserve is a complex of rivers, lagoons, and flooded forest. This protected area is characterized by its high biodiversity and interactions between the species inhabiting the area. The Reserve’s geomorphology is a consequence of the rivers carrying sediments and materials from the Andes, mainly by the Aguarico River.
The immense volume of water flowing down from the mountains maintains the naturally high water levels ensuring that the river is navigable all year round. In the Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve there are 10 monkey species, 4 caiman species, 590 bird species, 167 mammals, 90 amphibians, 90 reptiles and hundreds of insect and spider species, along with an incredible record of 307 tree species per hectare. There are two seasons, dry and rainy. Access to the lodges are by fluvial (river) transport offered by the local indigenous communities coordinated by the lodge and a highly trained, accredited naturalist guide.